A thirsty future: will Amazon forests survive with more droughts and fire?
Breakfast Lecture Series
Paulo Brando, Department of Earth System Science
January 28, 2019
UCI Student Center, Emerald Bay A-E
7:30 – 9:00AM
Every single day, the Amazon loses several hundreds of hectares of primary forests. By the minute, exotic African grasses and crops replace native vegetation—a result from ferocious competition for land. Farmers have found in the tropics a place to expand their practices, transforming the region between Amazonia and Cerrado (South America’s savannas) into the largest and most dynamic agricultural frontier in the planet. This massive land-use change has created novel disturbance regimes associated with more intense droughts and fires, because the deforestation is changing the local and regional hydrological cycles. Combined with global climate change that results from the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, fire and other disturbances will determine the future of Amazon forests– and whether they retain the capacity to sustain key ecosystem services or enter a downward spiral characterized by widespread degradation.
Dr. Brando is an expert on tropical ecology and conservation whose research explores the vulnerability of terrestrial natural ecosystems to repeated disturbances and prolonged degradation. His research combines field manipulation experiments, statistical and dynamic vegetation models, and remote sensing to quantify what kind of tropical forests will survive climate and land-use change. Dr. Brando contributed to the 5th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and serves as an Adjunct Scientist with the Woods Hole Research Center and the Amazon Environmental Research Institute. He received his bachelor’s degree in Forest Engineering from the University of São Paulo and his Ph.D. in Interdisciplinary Ecology from the University of Florida. Between 2013 and 2015, Dr. Brando was a postdoctoral fellow at the Carnegie Institute for Science at Stanford University.
Parking is available for $10 at the Student Center Parking Structure located on the corner of Pereira Dr. and West Peltason.
The Physical Sciences Breakfast Lecture Series is free and open to the public. For media inquiries, please contact Tatiana Arizaga at email@example.com.